Postal industry is an integral part of the industrial and social infrastructure of the Republic of Belarus and is functioning on its territory to meet the needs of individuals and legal entities, republican public administrative bodies in the field of postal services.
Postal services include:
Acceptance, handling, storage, transportation, delivery (handing in) of postal items;
Redirecting and return of postal items;
EMS (Express Mail Service);
Acceptance of subscription to printed mass media and its delivery;
Readdressing of subscribed printed mass media;
Payment of pensions, allowances, compensations and other social payments;
Packaging of letter-post items and parcels;
Fill in of Dispatch notes forms for postal items, Lists of content, Postal Money Order forms;
Writing of addressees and messages;
Rent of Post offices boxes;
Provision of postal services at home;
Other services not limited by legislation.
Activities in the field of postal service are carried out on the basis of license issued by the Ministry of Communications and Informatization of the Republic of Belarus.
The licensing of activity in the field of postal service consists of:
The national postal operator-postal operator to which the Ministry of Communications and Informatization of the Republic of Belarus entrusts with functions on mandatory provision of universal postal services within the Republic of Belarus.
The national postal operator has the status of designated postal operator for provision of international postal service in accordance with the Universal Postal Union Acts.
In accordance with the Order №1 dated January 16, 2021, functions on mandatory provision of universal postal services within the Republic of Belarus are assigned to Republican Unitary Enterprise of Posts “Belpochta” (hereafter - RUE “Belpochta”). Therewith RUE “Belpochta” has a license for public communication services and public postal services:
Range of services of RUE “Belpochta” is available at web-site: http://www.belpost.by.
The provision of special communication services in the Republic of Belarus and the CIS states is carried out by the republican unitary enterprise "Special Communication".
Transportation and delivery of special items is carried out by the company's own vehicles, including armored vehicles. The delivery of shipments along the entire route is carried out by armed special communications officers.
The company consists of 6 special communication workshops (Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Mogilev and Minsk) and 5 branches (Baranovichi, Pinsk, Polotsk, Kalinkovichi and Bobruisk).
The list of special communication services provided by RUE "Special Communication" can be found on the website http://www.specsvyaz.by .
Wide postal network of the Republic of Belarus covers all territory of the Republic of Belarus and provides with complete access to postal and other socially-significant services for natural and legal persons by enlarging range and totally accomplishes norms of State social standard on servicing of population approved by Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus dated May 30, 2003 №724.
Implementation of modern forms and methods of servicing in postal field by means of information and communication technologies enhances social and economic capabilities of citizens.
Development of philately at the Republic of Belarus enhances promotion of culture and historic heritage of Belorussian people, its achievements, demonstration all spheres of our country life: history and culture, arts, natural resources, relevant events.
Exceptional right to issue and withdraw from circulation the state marks of postal payment (postal stamps, envelopes and cards with original stamps) at the Republic of Belarus owns to the Ministry of Communications and Informatization of the Republic of Belarus. The national postal operator issues and distributes state marks of payment.
Range of philatelic products issued in the Republic of Belarus since 1992 to present day is available at web-site: http://www.belpost.by/philately.
At present postal market of the Republic of Belarus is liberalized and has dynamic development.
According to license in the field of postal activities, besides of national postal operator there are the following postal operators on postal market of the Republic of Belarus:
Drawing of the Republic of Belarus won First Place in Design Competition for International Reply Coupon (IRC) of Abidjan model. The UPU organized an international design competition amongst its member countries under the theme "Preserving the ecosystem - Protecting the climate.”
The new IRC created by the representative of the Republic of Belarus (illustration of 14-year-old Valeryia Tsimakhavets) will be used by the UPU member countries during Abidjan cycle 2020-2025.
Development of postal services of the Republic of Belarus are directed to enhancement of the national market of postal services as affective segment of economics and provision of modern postal services to the citizens of the Republic of Belarus through implementation of Information and Communication Technology and effective integration of software products.
Further automation, integrated informatization of processes on management of national postal operator based on implementation of modern technologies and effective integration of software products are the main objectives of postal activities development.